This report covers the minor metals excluding rare earths, precious metals, and platinum group metals, leaving the remaining 25 metals offering a broad range of characteristics, applications and market opportunities.
This report assesses sourcing and applications for each metal, cautions such as health, safety, and/or environmental concerns, and projects market growth and prices over the forecast period. Market forecasts are provided going out to 2024.
Background on Minor Metals
The 25 metals covered in this report, which excludes rare earths, precious metals, and platinum group metals, are found in a wide range of industries. Minor metals, many of them irreplaceable in critical applications, in most cases are not sourced directly but only by their presence with other base metal ores with their own distinct markets. This characteristic often separates supply from actual market demand and creates fluctuations in price and availability.
Some important minor metals are found in only a few, sometimes politically unstable countries, further contributing to market instability. Toxic metals like mercury and arsenic face dwindling markets as health and environmental regulations make their continued use problematic, while cadmium, also highly toxic, faces even more stringent regulation combined with growing demand in electronics and solar power.
This market study for each minor metal included in the report, background information and a study of sourcing and production, as well as discussion of environmental, health, safety and nutrition issues. Each metal is also subjected to an analysis of current applications and market, with forecasts for demand going out to 2024, and price projections based on the influences of relevant markets and the factors affecting those markets.
Understand the Markets
Commodities, in their demand and prices, have had a few difficult years, and this certainly includes minor metals. The picture has improved, and present expert opinion presents a more favorable outlook for the forecast period. This study begins with an analysis of the end markets that most affect demand and availability for minor metals in general, such as currency markets, aerospace and defense, semiconductors, electronics, consumer products, automotive and others. The suitability of substitutes for some metals and their likely effects on demand are also discussed for individual metals.
Many minor metals are important constituents of more than one end market, and the report's market forecasts balance the relative influence of these various factors on overall demand and pricing.
For many of the metals covered in the report, the forecast period represents a time of significant opportunity. For others, the future is bleak. And for a number, life will continue on pretty much as it has in the past. This study provides a basis for the evaluation of opportunities for these metals in investment and trading, their availability and suitability for manufacture and production of numerous products, and a survey of the commercial and industrial landscape affecting these materials.
Chapter 2 Antimony (Sb) 2.1 Background 2.2 Sourcing and Production 2.3 Safety and Health 2.4 Applications 2.5 Market Analysis: Antimony
Chapter 3 Arsenic (As) 3.1 Background 3.2 Sourcing and Production 3.3 Safety and Health 3.4 Applications 3.5 Market Analysis: Arsenic
Chapter 4 Beryllium (Be) 4.1 Background 4.2 Sourcing and Production 4.3 Safety, Health and the Environment 4.4 Applications 4.5 Market Analysis: Beryllium
Chapter 5 Bismuth (Bi) 5.1 Background 5.2 Sourcing and Production 5.3 Safety and Health 5.4 Applications 5.5 Market Analysis: Bismuth
Chapter 6 Cadmium (Cd) 6.1 Background 6.2 Sourcing and Production 6.3 Health, Safety and the Environment 6.4 Applications 6.4.1 Coatings 6.4.2 Pigments 6.4.3 Batteries 6.4.4 Alloying 6.4.5 Electronics and Semiconductors 6.4.6 Other Applications 6.5 Market Analysis: Cadmium
Chapter 7 Chromium (Cr) 7.1 Background 7.2 Sourcing and Production 7.3 Safety, Health and the Environment 7.4 Applications 7.5 Market Analysis: Chromium
Chapter 8 Cobalt (Co) 8.1 Background 8.2 Sourcing and Production 8.3 Health, Safety and Nutrition 8.4 Applications 8.5 Market Analysis: Cobalt
Chapter 9 Gallium (Ga) 9.1 Background 9.2 Sourcing and Production 9.3 Health, Safety and the Environment 9.4 Applications 9.4.1 Industry 9.4.2 Semiconductors 9.5 Market Analysis: Gallium
Chapter 10 Germanium (Ge) 10.1 Background 10.2 Sourcing and Production 10.3 Safety and Health 10.4 Applications 10.5 Market Analysis: Germanium
Chapter 11 Hafnium (Hf) 11.1 Background 11.2 Sourcing and Production 11.3 Safety and Health 11.4 Applications 11.4.1 Nuclear 11.4.2 Alloying 11.4.3 Other applications 11.5 Market Analysis: Hafnium
Chapter 12 Indium (In) 12.1 Background 12.2 Sourcing and Production 12.3 Safety and Health 12.4 Applications 12.5 Market Analysis: Indium
Chapter 13 Lithium (Li) 13.1 Background 13.2 Sourcing and Production 13.3 Health and Safety: Metallic Lithium 13.4 Applications 13.4.1 General Industry 13.4.2 Batteries and Power Storage 13.4.3 Medicine 13.5 Market Analysis: Lithium
Chapter 15 Manganese (Mn) 15.1 Background 15.2 Sourcing and Production 15.3 Health, Nutrition and Safety 15.4 Applications 15.5 Market Analysis: Manganese Applications
Chapter 16 Mercury (Hg) 16.1 Background 16.2 Sourcing and Production 16.3 Health, Safety and the Environment 16.4 Applications 16.5 Market Analysis: Mercury
Chapter 17 Molybdenum (Mo) 17.1 Background 17.2 Sourcing and Production 17.3 Health, Safety and Nutrition 17.4 Applications 17.5 Market Analysis: Molybdenum
Chapter 18 Niobium (Nb) 18.1 Background 18.2 Sourcing and Production 18.3 Health and Safety 18.4 Applications 18.5 Market Analysis: Niobium
Chapter 19 Selenium (Se) 19.1 Background 19.2 Sourcing and Production 19.3 Health, Safety and Nutrition 19.4 Applications 19.5 Market Analysis: Selenium
Chapter 20 Silicon (Si) 20.1 Background 20.2 Sourcing and Production 20.3 Safety, Health and Nutrition 20.4 Applications 20.5 Market Analysis: Silicon
Chapter 21 Tantalum (Ta) 21.1 Background 21.2 Sourcing and Production 21.3 Health and Safety 21.4 Applications 21.5 Market Analysis: Tantalum
Chapter 22 Tellurium (Te) 22.1 Background 22.2 Sourcing and Production 22.3 Safety and Health 22.4 Applications 22.5 Market Analysis: Tellurium
Chapter 23 Titanium (Ti) 23.1 Background 23.2 Sourcing and Production 23.3 Safety and Health 23.4 Applications 23.4.1 Chemicals 23.4.2 Pigments 23.4.3 Industry and Aerospace 23.4.4 Medicine 23.4.5 Consumer Products 23.5 Market Analysis: Titanium
Chapter 24 Tungsten (W) 24.1 Background 24.2 Sourcing and Production 24.3 Safety and Health 24.4 Applications 24.4.1 Metallic Tungsten 24.4.2 Chemical Tungsten 24.4.3 Tungsten Carbide and Alloys 24.5 Market Analysis: Tungsten
Chapter 25 Vanadium (V) 25.1 Background 25.2 Sourcing and Production 25.3 Safety and Health 25.4 Applications 25.5 Market Analysis: Vanadium
Chapter 26 Zirconium (Zr) 26.1 Background 26.2 Sourcing and Production 26.3 Safety and Health 26.4 Applications 26.5 Market Analysis: Zirconium